Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Collage of Medical Providers with "We Are GWEM!" written in the center

Mission Statement:

The George Washington University Department of Emergency Medicine’s section on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion is committed to developing, nurturing, and celebrating a rich and inclusive culture of diversity among our staff, residents, students, and patients. We strive to combat inequity and promote social justice through continuous education, dialogue, and continuous review of the department. We believe that by addressing the impacts of implicit and explicit bias, while perpetuating a welcoming environment, we will further enhance our department’s exceptional patient care.

The 4 pillars of the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion section are:  

  1. Culture and Allyship
  2. Justice, Equity, Diversity, Inclusion Education
  3. Faculty and resident development recruitment and retention
  4. Scholarship

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Committee

Damali N. Nakitende, MD

Damali Nakitende
Section Chair
Assistant Professor

Sonal Batra

Sonal Batra
Associate Professor

Janice Blanchard, MD

Janice Blanchard
Professor

Keith Boniface

Keith Boniface
Chief, Section of Emergency Ultrasound  
Professor

Amy Caggiula

Amy Caggiula
Assistant Professor

Marcus Davis

Marcus Davis
Assistant Professor

Steven Davis

Steven Davis
Associate Professor

Sarah Frasure

Sarah Frasure
Associate Professor
 

Lia Losonczy, MD, MPH

Lia Losonczy
Assistant Professor

Raymond Lucas

Raymond Lucas
Professor

Tenagne Haile-Mariam

Tenagne Haile-Mariam
Associate Professor

Ali Pourmand

Ali Pourmand
Associate Site Director, UMC
Professor

Natasha Powell

Natasha Powell
Assistant Professor

Colleen Roche

Colleen Roche
Assistant Professor

James Scott

James Scott
Professor

Robert Shesser, MD, MPH

Robert Shesser
Professor

Larissa Unruh

Larissa Unruh
Research Instructor

Marcee Wilder

Marcee Wilder
Assistant Professor

Rita Manfredi

Rita Manfredi
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine


Please contact DEI for more information at emeddeiadmin@mfa.gwu.edu

 

DEI Bibliography

Gender:

  1. Lewiss RE, Ogle KY, Freund Y. Equity: European Journal of Emergency Medicine reflects forward. Eur J Emerg Med. 2020;27(2):77–78. PMID: 32101957
  2. Lewis JF, Zeger SL, Li X, Mann NC, Newgard CD, Haynes S, Wood SF, Dai M, Simon AE, McCarthy ML. Gender Differences in the Quality of EMS Care Nationwide for Chest Pain and Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Women’s Heal Issues. 2019;29(2):116–124. PMID: 30545703
  3. Kaji AH, Meurer WJ, Napper T, Nigrovic LE, Mower WR, Schriger DL, Cooper RJ, Force A of EMDT, Houry DE, Delbridge TR, DeLorenzo RA, McCarthy ML, Schenkel S. State of the Journal: Women First Authors, Peer Reviewers, and Editorial Board Members at Annals of Emergency Medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 2019;74(6):731–735. PMID: 31280922
  4. Blanchard J, Hosek S. Financing Health Care for Women with Disabilities. RAND. 2003;
  5. Blanchard J, Hosek S. Financing Health Care for Women with Disabilities. RAND. 2003;
  6. Marcinkowski B, Caggiula A, Tran BN, Tran QK, Pourmand A. Sex trafficking screening and intervention in the emergency department: A scoping review. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2022;3(1):e12638. PMCID: PMC8760950
  7. Whiteside T, Frasure SE, Ogle K, Pourmand A. Barriers to Breastfeeding for Emergency Medicine Physicians in the Emergency Department. Am J Emerg Medicine. 2019;38(4):158494. PMID: 31740091
  8. Batra S, Orban J, Zhang H, Guterbock TM, Butler LA, Bogucki C, Chen C. Analysis of Social Mission Commitment at Dental, Medical, and Nursing Schools in the US. Jama Netw Open. 2022;5(5):e2210900. PMCID: PMC9086841

Race:

  1. Blanchard JC. Discrimination and Health Care Utilization. Rand. 2006;
  2. Blanchard J, Haile-Mariam T, Powell NN, Terry A, Fair M, Wilder M, Nakitende D, Lucas J, Davis GL, Haywood Y. For Us, COVID-19 Is Personal. Acad Emerg Med. 2020;27(7):642–643. PMCID: PMC7276752
  3. Lucas RH, Dandar V. Importance of Mentoring on Workplace Engagement of Emergency Medicine Faculty: A Multi-institutional Study. West J Emerg Medicine Integrating Emerg Care Popul Heal. 2021;22(3):653–659. PMCID: PMC8203009
  4. Lucas R, Kothari P, Adams C, Jones L, Williams VN, Sánchez JP. We are All Leaders: Introducing Self-Leadership Concepts Through the Lens of Improving Diversity in the Health Care Workforce. Mededportal. 2020;16:11011. PMCID: PMC7666830
  5. Weygandt PL, Losonczy LI, Schneider EB, Kisat MT, Licatino LK, Cornwell EE, Haut ER, Efron DT, Haider AH. Disparities in mortality after blunt injury: Does insurance type matter? J Surg Res. 2012;177(2):288–294. PMCID: PMC3989534
  6. Craine P, Losonczy L. Reflection: A Consensus to Intervene—Creating a Social Emergency Medicine Playbook. Ann Emerg Med. 2019;74(5):S59–S61. PMID: 31655679
  7. Losonczy LI, Weygandt PL, Villegas CV, Hall EC, Schneider EB, Cooper LA, III EEC, Haut ER, Efron DT, Haider AH. The Severity of Disparity: Increasing Injury Intensity Accentuates Disparate Outcomes Following Trauma. J Health Care Poor U. 2014;25(1):308–320. PMCID: PMC6017993
  8. Haider AH, Schneider EB, Sriram N, Dossick DS, Scott VK, Swoboda SM, Losonczy L, Haut ER, Efron DT, Pronovost PJ, Freischlag JA, Lipsett PA, Cornwell EE, MacKenzie EJ, Cooper LA. Unconscious race and class bias. J Trauma Acute Care. 2014;77(3):409–416. PMID: 25159243
  9. Haider AH, Schneider EB, Sriram N, Dossick DS, Scott VK, Swoboda SM, Losonczy L, Haut ER, Efron DT, Pronovost PJ, Lipsett PA, Cornwell EE, MacKenzie EJ, Cooper LA, Freischlag JA. Unconscious Race and Social Class Bias Among Acute Care Surgical Clinicians and Clinical Treatment Decisions. Jama Surg. 2015;150(5):457–464. PMID: 25786199
  10. Pittman P, Chen C, Erikson C, Salsberg E, Luo Q, Vichare A, Batra S, Burke G. Health Workforce for Health Equity. Med Care. 2021;59(Suppl 5):S405–S408. PMCID: PMC8428843
  11. Batra S, Orban J, Guterbock TM, Butler LA, Mullan F. Social Mission Metrics: Developing a Survey to Guide Health Professions Schools. Acad Med. 2020;95(12):1811–1816. PMCID: PMC7678650
  12. Orban J, Xue C, Raichur S, Misak M, Nobles A, Casimir J, Batra S. The Scope of Social Mission Content in Health Professions Education Accreditation Standards. Acad Med. 2022;97(1):111–120. PMID: 34618736
  13. Batra S, Orban J, Raichur S, Jennings N, Trivedi C, Naik N, Bogucki C, Haywood Y. Association of the COVID-19 Pandemic With Medical School Diversity Pathway Programs. Jama Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2229086. PMCID: PMC9425144
  14. Mortman R, Frazier HA, Haywood YC. Diversity and Inclusion on General Surgery, Integrated Thoracic Surgery, and Integrated Vascular Surgery Residency Program Websites. J Graduate Medical Educ. 2021;13(3):345–348. PMCID: PMC8207933
  15. Covelli AF, Mahoney AD, Batra S, Beard KV, Campbell LA, Pittman P (Polly). Driving toward a culture shift: Case studies of social mission in nursing education. J Prof Nurs. 2022;42:225–230. PMID: 36150865
  16. Unruh LH, Dharmapuri S, Xia Y, Soyemi K. Health disparities and COVID-19: A retrospective study examining individual and community factors causing disproportionate COVID-19 outcomes in Cook County, Illinois. Plos One. 2022;17(5):e0268317. PMCID: PMC9109922
  17. Blanchard JC, Haywood Y, Stein BD, Tanielian TL, Stoto M, Lurie N. In Their Own Words: Lessons Learned From Those Exposed to Anthrax. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(3):489–495. PMCID: PMC1449207
  18. Mullan F, Frehywot S, Omaswa F, Buch E, Chen C, Greysen SR, Wassermann T, Abubakr DEE, Awases M, Boelen C, Diomande MJ-MI, Dovlo D, Ferro J, Haileamlak A, Iputo J, Jacobs M, Koumaré AK, Mipando M, Monekosso GL, Olapade-Olaopa EO, Rugarabamu P, Sewankambo NK, Ross H, Ayas H, Chale SB, Cyprien S, Cohen J, Haile-Mariam T, Hamburger E, Jolley L, Kolars JC, Kombe G, Neusy A-J. Medical schools in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet. 2011;377(9771):1113–1121. PMID: 21074256
  19. Mullan F, Frehywot S, Omaswa F, Buch E, Chen C, Greysen SR, Wassermann T, Abubakr DEE, Awases M, Boelen C, Diomande MJ-MI, Dovlo D, Ferro J, Haileamlak A, Iputo J, Jacobs M, Koumaré AK, Mipando M, Monekosso GL, Olapade-Olaopa EO, Rugarabamu P, Sewankambo NK, Ross H, Ayas H, Chale SB, Cyprien S, Cohen J, Haile-Mariam T, Hamburger E, Jolley L, Kolars JC, Kombe G, Neusy A-J. Medical schools in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet. 2011;377(9771):1113–1121. PMID: 21074256
  20. Samuels EA, Boatright D, Sanchez LD, Heron SL, Liferidge AT, Wilson T, Pierce A, Landry A, Moreno-Walton L, Druck J, Moll J, Lopez BL. Clinical Vignettes Inadequate to Assess Impact of Implicit Bias: Concerning Limitations of a Systematic Review. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(12):1531–1532. PMID: 28981996
  21. Wescott S, Johnson R, Lamba S, Olson D, Haywood Y, Meltzer CC, Correa R. Feasibility of an Assessment Tool as a Data-Driven Approach to Reducing Racial Bias in Biomedical Publications. J Med Syst. 2022;46(1):10. PMCID: PMC8682034
  22. Wilder ME, Richardson LD, Hoffman RS, Winkel G, Manini AF. Racial disparities in the treatment of acute overdose in the emergency department. Clin Toxicol. 2018;56(12):1173–1178. PMCID: PMC6318059
  23. Schwartz L, Luban N, Hall A, McQuail D, Haywood Y. The mentored experience to enhance opportunities in research (METEOR) program. Med Educ Online. 2022;27(1):2014290. PMCID: PMC8667881
  24. Baker RB, Washington HA, Olakanmi O, Savitt TL, Jacobs EA, Hoover E, Wynia MK, Profession WG on the H of AA and the M, Blanchard J, Boulware LE, Braddock C, Corbie-Smith G, Crawley L, LaVeist TA, Maxey R, Mills C, Moseley KL, Williams DR. Creating a Segregated Medical Profession: African American Physicians and Organized Medicine, 1846-1910. J Natl Med Assoc. 2009;101(6):501–512. PMID: 19585918
  25. Blanchard J, Lurie N. R-E-S-P-E-C-T: patient reports of disrespect in the health care setting and its impact on care. J Fam Pract. 2004;53(9):721–30. PMID: 15353162
  26. Washington HA, Baker RB, Olakanmi O, Savitt TL, Jacobs EA, Hoover E, Wynia MK, Profession WG on the H of AA and the M, Blanchard J, Boulware LE, Braddock C, Corbie-Smith G, Crawley L, LaVeist TA, Maxey R, Mills C, Moseley KL, Williams DR. Segregation, Civil Rights, and Health Disparities: The Legacy of African American Physicians and Organized Medicine, 1910-1968. J Natl Med Assoc. 2009;101(6):513–527. PMID: 19585919
  27. Chandra A, Blanchard JC, Ruder T. District of Columbia Community Health Needs Assessment. Rand Heal Q. 2013;3(3):9. PMCID: PMC5051992
  28. Blanchard J, Nayar S, Lurie N. Patient–Provider and Patient–Staff Racial Concordance and Perceptions of Mistreatment in the Health Care Setting. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22(8):1184–1189. PMCID: PMC2305737
  29. Blanchard JC, Haywood YC, Scott C. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health: An Emergency Medicine Perspective. Acad Emerg Med. 2003;10(11):1289–1293. PMID: 14597507
  30. Blanchard AK, Blanchard JC, Suah A, Dade A, Burnett A, McDade W. Reflect and Reset: Black Academic Voices Call the Graduate Medical Education Community to Action. Acad Med. 2022;97(7):967–972. PMCID: PMC9232243
  31. Haile-Mariam T, Nakitende D, Wilder M, Omorogbe A, Haywood Y, Terry A, Powell NN, Blanchard J. Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson’s victory is our own. Acad Emerg Med. 2022;29(8):1040–1041. PMID: 35490340

Social Determinants of Health:

  1. Kulie P, Steinmetz E, Johnson S, McCarthy ML. A health-related social needs referral program for Medicaid beneficiaries treated in an emergency department. Am J Emerg Medicine. 2021;47:119–124. PMID: 33799141
  2. Cai CX, Li Y, Zeger SL, McCarthy ML. Social determinants of health impacting adherence to diabetic retinopathy examinations. Bmj Open Diabetes Res Care. 2021;9(1):e002374. PMCID: PMC8479983
  3. Blanchard J, Ogle K, Thomas O, Lung D, Asplin B, Lurie N. Access to Appointments Based on Insurance Status in Washington, D.C. J Health Care Poor U. 2008;19(3):687–696. PMID: 18677065
  4. Lurie N, Gresenz C, Blanchard J, Chandra A, Wynn B, Morganti KG, Ruder T, Price A, Sickler D, Norton B, Jones K, Regenstein M, Siegel B. Assessing Health and Health Care in the District of Columbia: Phase 2 Report. 2008;
  5. Gresenz CR, Blanchard JC, Lurie N. Serving the Underserved:  An Evaluation of the First Year of Montgomery Cares. RAND. 2007;
  6. Gresenz CR, Blanchard JC, Ruder T, Craddock S, Lurie N. Serving the Underserved: A Mid-Course Evaluation of Montgomery Cares. RAND. 2009;
  7. Chandra A, Blanchard JC, Ruder T. District of Columbia Community Health Needs Assessment. RAND. 2013;
  8. Chandra A, Gresenz CR, Blanchard JC, Cuellar AE, Ruder T, Chen AY, Gillen EM. Health and Health  Care Among District  of Columbia Youth. RAND. 2009;
  9. Lurie N, Harris KM, Shih RA, Ruder T, Price A, Martin LG, Acosta J, Blanchard JC. Assessing Health and Health Care in  Prince George’s County. RAND. 2009;
  10. Blanchard JC. Children’s Health in Washington, D.C.  Access and Health Challenges Despite High Insurance Coverage Rates. RAND. 2009;
  11. Price RA, Blanchard JC, Harris R, Ruder T, Gresenz CR. Monitoring Cancer Outcomes  Across the Continuum:  Data Synthesis and Analysis for the District of Columbia. RAND. 2012;
  12. Kranz AM, Chandra A, Madrigano J, Ruder T, Gahlon G, Blanchard JC, King CJ. Assessing Health and Human Services Needs to Support an Integrated Health in All Policies Plan for Prince George’s County, Maryland. Rand Heal Q. 2022;9(3):11. PMCID: PMC9242576
  13. Wilder ME, Zheng Z, Zeger SL, Elmi A, Katz RJ, Li Y, Mccarthy ML. Relationship Between Social Determinants of Health and Antihypertensive Medication Adherence in a Medicaid Cohort. Circulation Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2022;15(2):e008150. PMCID: PMC8847233
  14. MCCARTHY ML, LI Y, ELMI A, WILDER ME, ZHENG Z, ZEGER SL. Social Determinants of Health Influence Future Health Care Costs in the Medicaid Cohort of the District of Columbia Study. Milbank Q. 2022;100(3):761–784. PMID: 36134645
  15. McCarthy ML, Zheng Z, Wilder ME, Elmi A, Kulie P, Johnson S, Zeger SL. Latent Class Analysis to Represent Social Determinant of Health Risk Groups in the Medicaid Cohort of the District of Columbia. Med Care. 2021;59(3):251–258. PMCID: PMC7878329
  16. McCarthy ML, Zheng Z, Wilder ME, Elmi A, Li Y, Zeger SL. The Influence of Social Determinants of Health on Emergency Departments Visits in a Medicaid Sample. Ann Emerg Med. 2021;77(5):511–522. PMCID: PMC9228973
  17. Wilder ME, Kulie P, Jensen C, Levett P, Blanchard J, Dominguez LW, Portela M, Srivastava A, Li Y, McCarthy ML. The Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Medication Adherence: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2021;36(5):1359–1370. PMCID: PMC8131473